Among the large assortment of cucumber seeds in the markets, you can see planting materials from Korean manufacturers. How do these crops differ from those grown in our regions, and is it worth buying such cucumber seeds if you live in Central Russia or Western Siberia?
Benefits of planting Korean seeds
Korea is a country in three climatic zones: warm, temperate and cold. That is why Korean breeders have made every effort to ensure that the hybrids are resistant to both unexpected warming and cold snap.
According to gardeners who have already used these seeds for planting in greenhouses and open ground, Korean cucumbers are resistant to viral and fungal diseases. In addition, due to its dense and thick peel, the fruit resists the invasion of pests.Important! Korea is recognized as one of the leading East Asian centers for the cultivation of new cucumber varieties in the late 19th century by the famous Russian geneticist, botanist and breeder N.I. Vavilov.
When growing cucumbers, many farmers pay attention to the leaves of plants grown from seeds from Korean producers - they seem to have a thin layer of wax. This is another feature of Korean breeding. Such protection protects cucumber from the invasion of aphids and mites.
Resistance to common diseases
If you are going to grow cucumbers for the first time, or appear at the dacha plots only at the weekend, Korean cucumber seeds are what you need.
How often does it happen that due to inexperience or ignorance you do not have time to feed or fertilize a plant in time, preventing the development of fungal diseases? Mealy dew, peronosporosis or root rot, without appropriate treatment, quickly destroy the root and stalk of the cucumber, and then the fruits of the plant.
But if fungal diseases can be prevented or cured with fungicides, viruses that infect a culture can only be controlled by resistance to aphids and spider mites. In order to avoid cucumber invasion of insects, it is often fertilized with chemicals, often without concern for the ecological purity of the crop.
The seeds of Korean breeding are amazingly resistant to pests. As is known, those diseases that are grown from seeds collected from infected plants suffer from such a disease as the anthracnose pathogen. Breeders of Korea are making every effort to select the best varieties for breeding and breeding.
The main features of the growth of Korean cucumbers
Breeders of Asia in the cultivation of new varieties of cucumbers make sure that the seedlings, and after the plant itself turned out strong, protected from the weather and pests and resistant to common diseases.
To do this, they turn their attention to healthy, fast-growing and adapted varieties, from which you can get the best hybrids for growing in greenhouses and in open ground conditions.
Nong Woo was recognized as the best Korean seed producer in the agrarian markets of Russia.
Here are just a few varieties of hybrids that have already received deserved recognition from domestic farmers:
- For cultivation in hotbeds, greenhouses and open ground conditions - Avella F1, Advance F1;
- For open ground - Baronet F1, Aristocrat F1.
The climatic conditions of Korea allow local farmers to choose for planting both early maturing, cold-resistant varieties and mid-season hybrids that feel perfectly in a warm growth environment. To date, the Korean breeding repository has more than 250 thousand copies of genetic material and 8 thousand varieties and hybrids already prepared for cultivation in the conditions of open ground.
Best Korean Cucumber Seeds for Open Ground
Avella F1 (Avalange F1)
Partenokrapichesky variety of cucumbers from the manufacturer Nong Woo. It has a high growth rate. The fruits ripen on the 35-40 day after the transfer of seedlings in open ground conditions.
Ibride resistant to cold snaps, not susceptible to powdery mildew and downy mildew. This is an early hybrid type gherkin. Fruits with dense dark green skin and medium white tubercles. The average size of the fruit in the period of full ripening is 8-10 cm. In the Russian market, seeds are sold in packs of 50 and 100 pcs.
Advance F1 (Avensis F1)
An early variety of hybrids, with a ripening period of 40 days. The plant is considered versatile and is well suited for both fresh use and canning. Fruits reach sizes of 8-10 cm, in diameter - 2.5-3 cm. The average weight of a cucumber is 60-80 grams. The skin of the fruit is dark green with small white tubercles.
Parthenokrapichesky hybrid adapted to cultivation in open ground and hotbeds. Seeds for seedlings hardened and disinfected. Treats early ripe grades. Full ripening period - 35-40 days. A feature of the variety is that up to 3-4 inflorescences can be concentrated in one node. Fruits of small size - up to 10-12 cm, do not exceed 4.5 cm in diameter. Fruits have a smooth cylindrical shape, the skin is dark green in color, dense. The hybrid is resistant to sudden changes in temperature in the air and on the soil. Cucumbers are ideal for preservation and salting.
One of the Korean hybrids that took part and won the competition when reviewing the best seeds of spring 2018. The variety is universal, the plant is resistant to fungal infections and changing climatic conditions. Well adapted to early transplant into the soil, high humidity. Fruits are even, large-hilly with dense dark green peel. The average size of a cucumber is 9-10 cm, diameter is 2-4 cm. It showed itself perfectly in conservation, fully preserving all taste qualities.
The mid-season insect-infected long-fruited hybrid intended for cultivation in an open ground. The main feature of the variety is the “friendly” high yield. Fruits in the period of full ripening can reach a length of 20-22 cm, with a diameter of up to 5 cm. Seeds are able to seed at low temperatures, and are perfectly adapted for planting in conditions of open ground. In Korea, this cucumber is widely used for cooking Korean salads, and is delivered to national cuisine restaurants from early spring to early autumn.
Early ripe parthenokropichesky hybrid with high yield. The full period of fruit ripening is 35-40 days. The main features of the plant - resistance to cooling and strong winds when grown in open ground (cucumber has a powerful and dense stem). Fruits reach sizes of 12-14 cm, with a diameter of 3-3.5 cm. The vegetation period lasts from mid-May to the end of August.
Arctic F1 (F1 Arena)
Mid-season parthenakpichesky hybrid, well adapted for cultivation in Central Russia. Full ripening period - 35-40 days. The fruits have a smooth cylindrical shape, the skin is painted in a light green color. Since the Arctic belongs to the varieties of the cornish type, cucumbers do not grow more than 8-10 cm, with a diameter of 2.5-3 cm. The hybrid is great for pickles and pickles.
Seeds of Korean breeding are hybrids that have been tested and listed in the State Register of Plant Varieties. In addition, the entire planting material is certified as acclimatized to the climatic conditions of almost every region of Russia.
When choosing seeds for planting from Korean manufacturers, be sure to pay attention to the instructions on the package. Be careful about the time of planting seed and transfer of seedlings to open ground. Remember that all Korean hybrids are pretreated, and many varieties of seeds do not need disinfection and hardening.
Here is a short video about the seeds of the famous Korean hybrid Baronet F1