The homeland of common basil is considered to be Africa. But its real origin is unknown, since basil was eaten several centuries before our era. There is a version that soldiers of Alexander of Macedon brought him to Europe. Pepper in those days did not know. But sweet basil mixed with other herbs successfully replaced the missing spice.
What does basil look like
The basilic family includes more than one species, but in conversation they usually mean only fragrant basil. This is the main spice used in food. Purple (magenta), red or green flavored basil are much less often mentioned, although they are also used in cooking or for decorating a dish.
Fragrant basil has other names:
This plant has received the last prefix for a high content of essential oils, including camphor.
The basil is an ordinary branching root system located very close to the surface. 4-sided stem 50-70 cm tall, with a lot of leaves, which are used in cooking. Leaves with short petioles, oblong-ovate. On the edges of rare teeth. The plant is completely, including the leaves, stem and calyx, covered with hairs. Flowers may be white or pale pink. Sometimes purple. Grow from the sinuses of the apical leaves. Dark brown fruits, nuts are very small: the weight of 1000 seeds is 0.5-0.8 g. Germination is retained for 4-5 years.
What is regana
The etymology of the word "basil" is not reliably known. Other popular names for this plant:
- fragrant cornflowers;
The first name is logical from the point of view of the Russian-speaking consumer, but the other words clearly came from other languages. Thus, the differences between basil and regan does not exist.Important! Of all the types of ragana, only a few types of basil are edible.
The difference between basil green and purple
Green basil differs from violet in that it is first preferred to be eaten in European countries. In the CIS more like the purple version. Some believe that purple basil has a more pronounced taste and smell. Other gardeners have the opposite opinion.
The habit of attributing extra-curative properties to an unusual color has led to the fact that purple basil comes up with something that he has never had. The situation is about the same as at the dawn of the appearance of chicken eggs with brown shells. At that time it was believed that such eggs are more beneficial than whites. Then the fashion began to decline.
The situation is similar with the purple basil plant: the benefits exist, but the harm may be much higher. In Europe, any basil is wary, and the purple species is grown only for Russia. This attitude of Europeans to the spices is justified: the plant is able to accumulate mercury. And the purple version accumulates its maximum amount even when grown on the same bed with green.
Differences Basilica red and green
Red varieties do not exist in nature. So, freely addressing the names of flowers, called the purple / purple variety of plants. While the plant is young, its leaves are green in color. With age, they pick up color. Therefore, whether purple basil will be red or purple depends solely on its age.
What is the difference between oregano and basil
The fashionable foreign name "oregano" hides under it ... oregano. Both plants have only one thing in common: they are used as spices.
Only perennial plants
Both perennial and annual plants are present.
Little spread as a garden crop
Grown as a garden crop
Fresh, almost never used, except for decoctions
Often used in fresh salads
Capable of carrying frosts up to -15 degrees
Southern thermophilic plants that do not tolerate frost
Healing properties are officially recognized by medicine.
Healing properties exist only in traditional medicine and advertising descriptions.
Medicinal properties and contraindications of basil green
The official medicine does not know anything about the medicinal properties of a plant of any kind. Therefore, we can only talk about the use of this plant in folk recipes. In folk medicine, this rather pungent and nasty taste of the herb is used almost as a panacea.Important! Any spice in large quantities is poisonous.
This is what explains the specific and sharp taste and smell of any of the spices. In the process of evolution, spice plants developed this method of protection against being eaten by animals. But one particular “animal” appeared, called these plants spices and began to actively eat them. And even apply for treatment.
Diseases for which use infusion:
- whooping cough;
- bronchial asthma;
- intestinal and hepatic colic;
- low blood pressure;
- lack of appetite;
- kidney inflammation;
- inflammation of the bladder;
- runny nose;
The list of diseases cured by the infusion of this plant alone indicates that it has, at best, a placebo effect. At worst, the disease will go into the chronic stage. The broth is used externally as an anesthetic for toothache and stomatitis, as well as used for lotions for difficult healing wounds.Important! Even simple water can perform the last function, which will not allow the discharge to dry out and will allow pus to flow out of the wound freely.
In all these cases, an attempt to heal with basil will be more likely to harm. Due to the high content of mercury, poisoning can be a reaction of the body when using herbs. There are real contraindications that even traditional medicine recognizes.
There is no harm from basil juice, but the benefit is about the same as from plantain leaf. In folk medicine, plants make lotions from eczema and difficult healing wounds. It is also used in middle ear inflammations.
When you can not eat basil
Like pepper, basil in large quantities irritates various organs. It can not be used in the following diseases:
- myocardial infarction;
With such contraindications, basil is not a useless and poisonous herb. A large amount of essential oils can really help in eliminating the symptoms of the disease.
With all the doubtfulness of the plant as a panacea for all diseases, the benefits of basil for the human body really exist. Aromatic oil is used more often, although a fresh plant can be used for baths. Basil oil tones and softens the skin. Therefore, it is often used in beauty salons for the preparation of aromatic baths.
Camphor oil, also contained in the plant, is used as a general tonic to maintain the central nervous system, in violation of blood circulation and breathing difficulties.Important! When dried, a significant amount of aromatic oils evaporate.
Useful properties of basil and contraindications for women
Fresh plant contains a large amount of vitamins, which should have a positive effect on the female body. Also, traditional medicine believes this plant increases the secretion of breast milk.
But official medicine is sure that not only pregnant women, but also women of childbearing age in general should not eat products with a high content of mercury. These products include not only long-lived tuna fish, but also basil. But to lie in the bath with a few drops of oil is useful for any woman.
Useful properties of basil and contraindications for men
From the point of view of purely masculine qualities, basil is useless grass. Aphrodisiac is not. In other cases, you can take with the above diseases. Those men who suffer from hypertension, basil should not be consumed.
How to eat green basil
When eating herbs, you need to remember that it is a seasoning, not an edible garden crop. Due to the high content of mercury in the plant, the body should be taught to use this plant gradually. An adult should start with 1 sheet. Children give half a sheet. The maximum single dose of this plant is 3 leaves for an adult. They are finely crumbled into a salad or other dishes. In combination with rosemary, you can get a peppery smell, and basil with savory makes the dish sharper in taste. But it is impossible to abuse spices.
Dried basil is a common seasoning for various dishes. Often used in sets of special mixes for various dishes. But dry basil loses a significant part of aromatic oils and is almost not felt in the dish.
Into this dish add finely chopped fresh basil leaves. They will emphasize the taste of the salad and give it spice. But it is important not to overdo it with this spice.
Tea with basil can be of 2 types: regular tea with a spice leaf or a drink made from herbs only. In the latter case, a hot drink is called a decoction.
A hot drink warms well after frost outside, but if you need to make summer lemonade, the recipe changes a little. To better quench thirst, lemon is added to the broth or tea. The drink is cooled and drunk.
Basil for weight loss
Neither a fresh plant, nor dried seasoning for weight loss do not use. The population of Thailand believes that the drink from the seeds of basil has beneficial properties and promotes weight loss. Preparation of the drink is simple. If for some reason the plant in the garden has bloomed, and its leaves can no longer be used as seasoning, the position will be adjusted with seeds.
Gather them right in the inflorescences. After the inflorescences lose their color, and black seeds become visible inside, the flower stalks are cut off entirely and dried indoors. If you leave the seeds in the garden, much of them will be lost.
Basil Seed Drink
Most often for these purposes use lemon basil seeds. A glass of drink needs 1 tsp. seeds. They are poured cold water. It is believed that carbonated is better, but as long as the seeds swell, much of the carbon dioxide will evaporate, and carbonated lemonade will still not work.
Seeds insist 30 minutes. Nuts are covered with a protective film, which during this time becomes jelly-like. Lemon and ice are added to the drink. You can add honey, but it is to taste.
Is it possible to lose weight with the help of such a drink, a moot point. Only one thing can be confidently asserted: if you have breakfast with basil seed drinks, work hard all day, and have a handful of rice in the evening, you will lose weight.
Basil in cosmetology for the face
The high content of essential oils makes basil a very effective remedy for improving the skin of the face. A decoction of the leaves well removes inflammation from the skin of the face. The mask of fresh crushed leaves whitens the skin. Basil also cleanses the skin of blackheads, acne and black spots.Important! Not so long ago, white lead was used to whiten the skin, which led to severe poisoning and even death.
How to grow green basil
Sweet basil is often grown as a vegetable. This is an unpretentious plant. It grows well on the windowsills, and in the open field. Although due to planting in the northern regions, the grass does not grow into a large bush, remaining about 20 cm high.
Seedlings are planted on seedlings in March. It is better to place them in individual containers, as the plant is gentle and very poorly tolerated pick.
Planted in open ground when the night temperature exceeds + 10 ° C. In the greenhouse you can land earlier.Important! Planted beside tomatoes basil deters pests from tomatoes.
The soil for planting must be fertile. But then the care of the plant is in the careful removal of weeds and watering.
How basil blooms green
The plant blooms in June and August. The bulk of the flowers appears in July. From the bosoms of the apical leaves, the plant throws out flower stalks, on which double-lipped flowers develop. The lower lobe of the flower is bent back and longer than the others. The remaining 4 are spliced together and form the upper lip. Corolla tubular.
Flowers are collected in 6-10 pieces in whorls of irregular shape. As a result, flowers sit on the spike in several "floors". This form of flowering greatly facilitates the collection of seeds for a drink or further sowing. Seeds do not need to be collected, it is enough to cut the entire spikelet and then, in convenient conditions, shake the nuts on a clean, light-colored fabric.
Basil can be eaten and can be. It is important only to comply with the measure, so that it gives food a flavor tone, and does not turn into poison.