The result of fruitful breeding work is a variety of modern raspberry varieties. Among them, the raspberry Sunny is particularly notable, the description of the variety, photos and reviews of which indicate the wonderful taste of its fragrant berries.
Malina Solnyshko successfully combined the best properties of the old Russian variety Novost Kuzmina and Bulgarian - Kostinbrodskaya, on the basis of which it was bred - good winter hardiness, early ripeness, resistance to some fungal diseases.
Raspberry bushes Sunny form high, straight shoots with a graceful curve of the top. Hanged by tassels of ruby berries, they are used by many gardeners as a beautiful hedge. The stalks of the raspberry Sunny are distinguished by a slight prickling and noticeable waxy bloom that prevents excessive evaporation of moisture. Young shoots are green in color, and as they grow, they acquire a brownish tint. Without regard to remontant varieties, raspberry Sun demonstrates quite high yields - more than 80 c / ha, and up to 1.5 kg can be collected from one bush.
Description varieties and reviews include raspberry sunshine to the best dessert varieties. Its bright, juicy berries are different:
- delicate sweet-sour taste;
- rich berry aroma;
- round-conical shape;
- large size - their weight reaches 4.5 g;
- high content of ascorbic acid;
- universality of the destination - berries can be consumed fresh, processed and frozen;
- good transportability.
Raspberry bushes have a superficial root system, which should be considered when choosing a soil. They grow well on light loam. The soil in the upper layer should be quite fertile, with a weak indicator of acidity. To reduce it, soil can be pre-zipped.
Bushes can be planted at any time during the growing season. But the preferred dates of planting varieties of raspberries Sunny depend on the climatic conditions of the region. For southern regions with a long, warm autumn, the optimum time for planting the berry will be the second half of September or the beginning of October. Before the start of frost, raspberry seedlings Sunny will have time to take root and will start growing in spring. Spring plantings are risky, because this time in the south is usually short and dry, and the buds on raspberry bushes will disband before the root system has time to develop. Therefore, young seedlings may simply die.
In colder climates, raspberry bushes planted in the fall may freeze. Therefore, the landing is better to transfer to a prolonged spring with high humidity. Before the onset of heat, raspberry bushes Sunny will have time to settle down. Land for spring planting is better to cook in the fall. You can fertilize it naturally by planting siderats. Before the frost they will have time to ascend, and during the winter they will perepreyut and under the influence of the soil microflora will turn into an excellent organic fertilizer for raspberries. At the same time you can prepare the compost from the fallen leaves, plant and food residues.
Reviews on raspberry Sunny are advised to choose a place to land in the southern part of the site - open to sunlight and protected from cold winds. The level of illumination of the bushes can be increased by placing the rows of raspberries in the direction from north to south. The more sun heat the berries get, the tastier they will be. To obtain good yields, the raspberries should be provided with a thick snow cover in winter. You should not plant the raspberry Sunny in areas where potatoes or strawberries were grown, as they share the same diseases. But it grows well after the currant and chokeberry.
Holes for planting raspberry varieties Sun should be prepared for 2-3 weeks, adhering to the following recommendations:
- the distance between the holes should be not less than 1 m, and the row spacing - up to 2 m;
- the bottom of the holes need to lay out a nutrient mixture of rotted manure and superphosphate;
- mix it with garden soil and a little ash.
Adding too much ash can increase the alkalinity of the soil, which is also harmful for plants as acidity. When planting it is impossible to bury the root neck too much, otherwise the bush may die. Raspberry Sunny should be planted in such a way that after compaction of the soil its root collar is flush with the ground.
Many gardeners prefer to plant the raspberry bushes Sunny in the trenches. Although the trench method is more laborious, it has its advantages:
- plantings are more evenly supplied with nutrients;
- raspberry care is facilitated - watering, weeding between rows, mulching;
- increases the yield of bushes.
About 2-3 weeks before planting raspberries plot cleaned of weeds and mark it with a cord. The width of the trench is usually up to 0.5 m, and the length corresponds to the size of the plot. At the ends of the trench secure strong support, between which the tension wire for garter stalks.
After planting the bushes, they are abundantly watered and mulch with sawdust or straw. Further care of the raspberry Sun, according to the description of the variety, consists in the timely organization of watering, fertilizing, pruning.
Raspberries grow very quickly and fill around free space around them, so regular pruning is necessary. It provides an opportunity for the growth of stronger shoots. At the beginning of spring sanitary pruning of the Sun variety raspberry is made, which consists of:
- in the removal of dried and broken shoots;
- freeing the bush from diseased and weak branches;
- pruning healthy stems to the first bud.
Pruning raspberries is also designed to regulate the degree of thickening of the bushes. Too many excess shoots only harms the plants, as it reduces the level of illumination of the raspberries and the content of nutrients. Therefore, in the beginning of summer, when the raspberry bushes grow a little, the second pruning is carried out, during which up to 10 healthy shoots remain on each. All weak branches are removed. Excess stems should not be dug out - you can damage the roots, they just need to be carefully cut at the base.
After harvesting, the third pruning procedure is carried out, during which raspberry shoots are removed and damaged.
Reviews show that the raspberry variety Sunny reacts to a lack of moisture by a noticeable decrease in yield, as its root system is located very close to the ground. However, excess moisture is also detrimental to the bushes:
- berries lose their aroma and taste;
- the roots will begin to rot;
- raspberries fall before ripening;
- the degree of hardening will decrease, which is fraught with the freezing of bushes in winter.
The frequency and intensity of the irrigation procedure depends on local climatic conditions. Most of all raspberry Sunny needs abundant watering at the initial stage of the formation and ripening of berries. Usually this period falls on the end of May - the beginning of June. The most convenient way is to organize drip irrigation of raspberries or regular watering into prepared grooves. Watering along the grooves has the advantage that water does not fall on the crown of the bushes. After it, it is necessary to loosen the soil around the plants, while at the same time cleaning it from weeds. However, loosening should be shallow, otherwise it is possible to damage the roots of raspberry, located near the surface of the earth.
At the end of the summer, after harvesting, watering the raspberry Sun can be stopped. However, in dry years it should be continued until October in order to allow the raspberry jam to prepare for wintering.
Nutritious top dressings
As follows from the description, raspberry Sunny can produce good yields on the same plot for up to 10–15 years if it is regularly fed with organic and mineral fertilizers. When inspecting the bushes, experienced gardeners, even by their appearance, can determine which microelements are missing for their nutrition:
- the consequence of phosphorus deficiency will be weak thinned raspberry shoots;
- yellow leaves show a lack of iron or magnesium;
- with a lack of nitrogen, the leaves become shallow and yellow, and when it is abundant, the raspberry bush grows violently;
- brown, as if burnt, leaves on raspberries speak of a deficiency of potassium, which is fraught with the danger of winter freezing of bushes.
After spring pruning spend the first feeding raspberries varieties Sun. To do this, you can prepare a mixture of nitrogen-phosphate fertilizers, mullein and wood ash, which is rich in potassium. Over the summer, raspberries consume a large amount of nutrients for development and fruiting. To preserve the yield next year, it must be fed before hibernation. Autumn dressing with organics has a good effect on the condition of raspberry bushes Sunny and their productivity. It can be carried out by rotted manure or compost prepared from fallen leaves and plant residues. Good effect gives liquid chicken droppings.
Of insect pests, berry bushes are more likely to infect a raspberry beetle, weevil or spider mite. Digging the soil around raspberry bushes, destroying last year's foliage, and treating with preparations helps in fighting them. An effective remedy against aphids will be spraying the bushes of the Sunny variety with a soap solution of dry mustard after the appearance of buds.
The appearance of orange bumps on raspberry leaves indicates fungal diseases against which spraying with special preparations will help. Spring processing bushes Bordeaux liquid prevent powdery mildew and anthracnose.
Description varieties and reviews of raspberries Sunny are recommended as effective preventive measures against diseases:
- timely destruction of diseased and damaged branches, fallen leaves;
- planting in the rows of raspberry plants sideratov;
- proper care - watering and feeding.
Reviews of summer residents
Polina Grigorieva, 49 years old, Essentuki On our site raspberry is growing not for the first year. Children love her very much. A few years ago we planted several bushes of raspberry Sunny. The grade has perfectly got accustomed and has well recommended itself. Rules for the care of raspberries Sun are simple - time to cut, water and fertilize. Koramyslov Gerasim, 68 years old, Nizhny Novgorod, Raspberry Sun variety has chosen from the photo and description of the variety and has been growing it for a long time. He is unpretentious in the care, responds well to fertilizers, usually fed with liquid mullein. The taste of berries is excellent. If you follow the agrotechnology, the raspberry variety Sun gives a good harvest. From fragrant berries it turns out excellent jam. Timofeeva Irina, 50 years old, Krasnodar city When the neighbors in the dacha saw the beautiful bright raspberry berries Sunny, I wanted to plant this variety myself. We have been growing for two years and still have not regretted it. Caring for her is no more difficult than for a regular variety, and the taste is much better. Kruglov Yefim, 70, Kolomna For a long time they chose which sort of raspberry is better to plant in the country, until friends advise Sunny. Indeed, raspberry Sunny deserves its name. Shrubs with large, bright berries decorate the garden and fill the air with a stunning aroma. Children enjoy sweet berries, melting in the mouth. Raspberries are good not only fresh, but also in jams and frosts.
With the observance of simple agrotechnical rules, the raspberry variety Sunny for many years will delight with high yields of fragrant, tasty berries.